22nd Aug 2009
The ACGT recently hosted a regional Plant Biotechnology Workshop aimed at discussing opportunities for plant biotechnology in the context of national priorities, while considering the impact of climate change.
22nd Jul 2009
ACGT partner institutions, the CSIR and University of Pretoria – with the Agricultural Research Council, are the South African consortium members on the European Union (EU) funded VEG-i-TRADE project.
The project, which is being co-ordinated from the University of Gent in Belgium, provides platforms to identify impacts of anticipated climate changes on food safety as well as microbiological and chemical hazards of fresh produce. This multi-disciplinary project is aimed at developing control measures of a managerial and technological nature in the food chain of crop production, post-harvest processing and logistics to minimise food safety risks.
The CSIR Biosciences and Natural Resources and the Environment (NRE) units are both involved in the project and focus on DNA microarray techniques for predicting risk of mycotoxin contamination and the impact of climate change on food trade and safety, respectively. The University of Pretoria’s Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology – represented by Prof Lise Korsten – will be looking at aspects of microbiological food contamination and trade.
The food safety challenges raised by climate-related changes highlight the need for timely scientific advice to guide risk management decisions. Some of these challenges include the transmission of infectious disease and factors associated with mycotoxin production, such as temperature and humidity. In addition, the impact of globalisation will also lead to extra requirements on the agricultural and processing sectors.
VEG-i-TRADE aims to develop recommendations on a European and global level for quality assurance and setting of performance objectives based on science. Activities include an assessment of the performance of horticultural food safety management systems exemplified by countries of northern, middle and southern Europe as well as on a global level – including major EU trade partners of fresh produce from various climate zones, such as South Africa. Other countries represented in the VEG-i-TRADE project consortium include Norway, Spain, The Netherlands, Thailand, Egypt and Yugoslavia.
It is expected that the project output will lead to a discussion forum for stakeholders in the global food chain to reflect on acceptable risk, the sustainability of fresh produce production and enable the development of a long term strategy on international food trade.
22nd Jun 2009
Drs Rachel Chikwamba (Principal Investigator of the Africa Biofortified Sorghum project) and Maretha O’Kennedy – both from CSIR Biosciences – recently participated in the Grand Challenges in Global Health, GC9 meeting in Beijing, China from 8 to 11 May 2009.
The goal of the six-monthly research update meeting of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation GC9 project teams was to build mutual understanding of plant science and nutrition goals and efforts and to share highlights of GC9 research programmes to create nutritionally complete staple crops. The meeting placed specific emphasis on Golden Rice, Africa Biofortified Sorghum, BioCassava Plus Programme and Banana Biofortification.
Representatives of the Gates Foundation commended the research teams for their superlative research output over the last three years. Featured highlights included the HarvestPlus China Showcase which included leaders from the Chinese agriculture, plant science and nutrition fields. A new initiative from the National Science Foundation (NSF) also announced partnership with Gates Foundation to foster sustainable agricultural solutions around the world.
The Basic Research to Enable Agricultural Development (BREAD) Program presented by Prof Deborah Delmer – NSF program director for BREAD, will support basic research to build a foundation for generating sustainable, science-based solutions to problems of agriculture in developing countries, testing innovative hypotheses leading to novel and creative approaches and technologies. The Program, which is a continuation of ongoing activities funded under the Plant Genome Research Program, will be supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation through funding provided to NSF.
21st Jun 2009
From 9-12 June 2009, the ACGT hosted visitors from the University of Malawi as part of the Southern African Biochemistry and Informatics for Natural Products (SABINA) network programme. The recently appointed SABINA Project Manager, Dr Frank Ngonda and Academic Director, Dr John Saka, were both in attendance.
The visit began with a dinner for SABINA participants that was held on 9 June. Dr Ngonda used the remainder of the four-day visit as an opportunity to meet with SABINA participants and students at the CSIR, Wits University and University of Pretoria. Two new calls for Masters and PhD, and post-doctoral SABINA scholarships were also announced, respectively.
Before joining SABINA, Frank Ngonda was responsible for the coordination and management of the HIV and AIDS programmes at district and community levels and as Programme Officer for Malawi Traditional Healers Umbrella Organization – a project under the Ministry of Health, Clinical Services. He was involved in the creation and strengthening of collaboration between Biomedical Health Practitioners and Traditional Health Practitioners, which included co-ordination of programmes such as the development of proposals, tools, protocols, guidelines and structures of the collaboration.
16th Jun 2009
The African Digital Scholarship and Curation Conference held at the CSIR International Conference Centre from 12 – 14 May 2009, attracted a number of international leaders in the field of e-Research to South Africa. In order to capitalise on this opportunity, the University of Pretoria (Prof Robin Crewe: Vice-Principal) and the CSIR (Dr Thulani Dlamini: Group Executive: R&D), under the ambit of the SERA Alliance, co-hosted a pre-conference seminar-workshop on e-Research at the CSIR Knowledge Commons. Representing ACGT were Prof. Jane Morris and Prof. Braam Louw.
The seminar-workshop served as a platform for local and overseas e-Research role-players to rub shoulders and share lessons and experiences. It is envisaged that lessons learnt by the local e-Research role-players will serve as input into the review and mobilisation of the South African e-Research blue print. In addition, delegates at the seminar-workshop brain stormed around South Africa’s e-Research direction. Emphasis in that discussion was placed on:
- Crafting the vision; (key elements to consider)
- Critical requirements for success
- Infrastructure requirements for collaborative environments
- Intellectual Property, security, data-preservation and curation
Seminar organisers, presenters and delegates indicated that they were content with the quality of dialogue and knowledge-exchange that took place at the workshop. The local e-Research role-players expressed their satisfaction with the confidence afforded to them to map-out and implement a collaborative programme to benefit the SA research community.
The workshop’s outputs will be vital for the inclusive development of a strategic e-Research framework. Among others, the framework – which will paint a five to 10 year e-Research scenario for South Africa – will advocate for adequate e-Research funding, resources and governance locally. It will also address issues surrounding South Africa’s e-Research technology-backbone, and services required for effective and efficient linkages to similar users and providers locally and abroad
The seminar-workshop proceedings were facilitated by Awie Vlok, of the CSIR Innovation Leadership and Learning Academy.
22nd May 2009
By Prof Zander Myburg
The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has awarded a strategic grant of R1.5 million to a team of UP researchers in support of a project to decipher the complete transcriptome (DNA sequence of all expressed genes) of a Eucalyptus tree and to produce a high-density molecular marker map of the genome of this tree. Fast-growing eucalypt trees are viewed as future bioenergy crops due to their ability to produce vast amounts of energy-rich lignocellulosic materials. They are already utilized as fibre crops for pulp, paper and cellulose in South Africa. The UP research team led by Prof. Zander Myburg in the Department of Genetics and Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI) in collaboration with the Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Unit at UP (directed by Prof. Fourie Joubert) is generating a complete catalogue of expressed genes for a South African bred eucalypt tree.
In addition to expanding their understanding of the molecular basis of wood and fibre formation in trees, this project will allow Prof. Myburg’s team to discover thousands of DNA markers that can be used for the genetic improvement of eucalypt trees in South Africa. This work is further supported by Sappi, Mondi, the Technology and Human Resources for Industry Program (THRIP) and the National Research Foundation (NRF) through the Wood and Fibre Molecular Genetics (WFMG) programme at UP.
The DST funding also provides support for the leadership role of UP in an international project to sequence the complete genome of a Eucalyptus tree. The United States Department of Energy (US-DOE) announced in 2007 that it will fund a project to sequence the genome of Eucalyptus grandis, a fast-growing forest plantation tree species which it considers a potential bioenergy crop. This will only be the second forest tree genome to be sequenced after that of the poplar tree. Prof. Myburg is the principal investigator and UP the lead partner organization for this international project.
20th May 2009
Jane Morris participated in a meeting of the International Organization for Standards (ISO) Council Task Force on Biotechnology in Geneva on 29th and 30th April, on behalf of SABS (South African Bureau of Standards). The Task Force is made up of representatives from 9 different countries, and was tasked with identifying areas of biotechnology where standardization is needed. Previously there has been no major focus on biotechnology standards in ISO. The recommendations from the meeting will be forwarded to the ISO Council for follow-up action.
22nd Jul 2008
The ACGT was recently represented by its Director, Prof Jane Morris, at the launch of the Innovation for Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction towards an Enabling Environment for Systems of Innovation of Southern Africa (ISP-TEESA) in Windhoek, Namibia from 22 to 25 June.
ISP-TEESA is a programme of the Regional Agricultural and Environmental Initiatives Network – Africa (RAEIN-AFRICA) and aims to develop, promote and harmonise science, technology and innovation polices in the region, build a pool of human capacity resources for scientific research and technological development and also promote public understanding in the areas of science, technology and innovation.
Prof Morris’ keynote address, titled ‘Innovation Systems in Biotechnology – Addressing Africa’s challenges’, spoke to the development of innovation systems and how to use biotechnology to sustainably address the needs of the poor. Central to her presentation was the description of what she has termed as ‘Africa’s dilemma’. According to Prof Morris, biotechnology innovation so far has not occurred in Africa to any major extent. Among the factors contributing to this are a lack of sufficient long-term investment by governments in R&D; a relatively underdeveloped private sector; limited purchasing power and access to markets; and some reluctance to adapt and adopt technologies developed elsewhere in the world.
She says that in an increasingly internationalised and competitive world, the needs of the poor have to be addressed in the context of major global trends. The major social, environmental and economic challenges in Africa will require radical, rather than incremental, innovation. “If we are going to make biotechnology work in Africa, we have to develop completely new innovation systems. If we don’t do that, we will basically be left sitting on the sidelines”.
According to her, 5th and 6th generation innovation – the space in which the ACGT plays – require the creation of collaborative networks, partnerships and social relations in order to stimulate knowledge innovation. The ACGT itself is an example of the use of collaboration to build innovation, she says. Activities such as participation in the Southern African Biochemistry and Informatics for Natural Products (SABINA) network programme and the current capacity audit being undertaken within ACGT partner and affiliate organisations demonstrate the importance of partnerships and cross-boundary collaboration.
The SABINA network includes the three ACGT partner institutions as well as the University of Malawi, University of Namibia and University of Dar es Salaam, while the capacity audit covers the CSIR, University of Pretoria, Wits University, and ACGT affiliate institutions – the Universities of Johannesburg and Limpopo. The latter initiative is being undertaken with the aim of identifying potential areas for collaboration and the availability of equipment within each institution to the other institutions. In addition, the capacity audit will be a key input to a needs analysis process that will identify whether there are common issues that exist and that the five institutions can work together to address.
“While the core focus of the audit has been on advanced biotechnology, we have now spread into the broader area of biosciences and life sciences in general, as very often we apply advanced technologies in other areas. If we can harness and bring together this varied expertise, we greatly increase the potential to create more innovative solutions”, says Prof Morris.
21st Jul 2008
The Carnegie-IAS Regional Initiative in Science and Education (RISE aims to develop human capacity through science and technology training and research in a regional context in sub-Saharan Africa, enabling individuals to use Science and Technology to contribute to national and regional economic development. This will be done by preparing PhD- and MSc-level scientists and engineers in sub-Saharan Africa through university-based research and training networks in selected disciplines. Its primary emphases are on training new faculty to teach in African universities and on upgrading current faculty.
In an intense competition that attracted 48 proposals from 29 African countries, the proposal “Southern African Biochemistry and Informatics for Natural Products” (SABINA), was among the three networks selected by an international panel of distinguished scientists.
SABINA was selected because of its competence to combine the strongest science with the greatest potential to have a positive impact on faculty development across the region.
The SABINA network aims to train both PhD and MSc scientists from 2009 onwards, through research in the biochemistry and chemistry of natural products, including bioinformatics as an essential tool for data management and the elucidation of structure and function.
In 2009, SABINA will recruit and support three PhD and three MSc students. In the subsequent years, it is anticipated that three new PhD and three new MSc students will enter the programme each year.
Research will focus on increasing the understanding of useful plants or fungi (such as mushrooms, and tea crops) through the study of screening assays, biosynthetic pathways, gene expression, modes of action, synthetic production, and genetic diversity. Nonetheless, the specific research projects selected for the MSc and PhD students will be determined based on ongoing research in the partner institutions, and will be tailored to the previous scientific background of those students.
The institutions participating in the SABINA network program are:
- University of Malawi
- University of Namibia
- University of Dar es Salaam
- University of Pretoria
- University of the Witwatersrand
- CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research)
- Tea Research Foundation of Central Africa, Malawi
The involvement of the South African institutions will be coordinated through the office of the ACGT.
The Academic Director of the SABINA network is Professor John DK Saka, of the Department of Chemistry in india.
22nd Jun 2008
The ACGT has been mentioned under authors’ affiliation in a variety of publications over the last 12 months. These include the following articles:
- Berger, D.K., Crampton, B.G., Hein, I. and Vos, W Screening of cDNA Libraries on Glass Slide Microarrays. Methods in Molecular Biology 382 177-203 (2007).
- Birkholtz, L,. van Brummelen A.C,. Clark K, Niemand J, Maréchal E, Llinás M and Louw A.I. Exploring functional genomics for drug target and therapeutics discovery in Plasmodia Acta Tropica 105 (2), 113-123 (2008).
- Clark, K., Dhoogra, M., Birkholtz, L. and Louw, A.I. Transcriptional responses of Plasmodium falciparum to a-difluoromethylornithine-induced polyamine depletion. Biological Chemistry. 389(2), 111-125 (2008).
- Crampton, B.G., Law, P., Coetzer, N.,Vos W. and Berger, D. K. Can genomics and bioinformatics be applied to studies of non-model plants such as pearl millet? South African Journal of Botany, 73 (2),279 (2007).
- Law, P.J., Claudel-Renard C., Joubert, F., Louw,A.I. and Berger. D.K. MADIBA: A web server toolkit for biological interpretation of Plasmodium and plant gene clusters. BMC Genomics 9:105 (2008)
- Morris, E.J. The Cartagena Protocol: Implications for regional trade, research and technology development in Africa. Development Policy Review, 26(1), 29-57 (2008).
- Virgin, I., Bhagavan, M., Komen, J., Kullaya, A., Louwaars, N., Morris, E.J., Okori, P. and Persley, G. Agricultural Biotechnology and Small-scale Farmers in Eastern and Southern Africa. Stockholm Environment Institute Working Paper. ISBN 978-91-976022-1-1 (2007).
Many more publications from the CSIR, University of Pretoria and University of the Witwatersrand reflect the application of gene technologies in the partner institutions.